Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Jurnal kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA di terbitkan oleh Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Unika Musi Charitas, terbit setahun dua kali bulan Februari dan Agustus , saat ini telah terakreditasi SINTA 5 dengan Nomor 36/E/KPT/2019. adapun Scope dan Fokus adalah Keperawatan, Kebidanan, Teknologi Laboratorium Medis, Farmasi, Gizi, Kesehatan Masyarakat.</span></p> <p><span style="vertical-align: inherit;">Moto JKSP : <strong>Melayani Ilmuwan Menjelaskan Ilmu pengetahuan</strong></span></p> Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Katolik Musi Charitas en-US Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2615-6571 Uji Aktivitas Anti Jamur Ekstrak Etanol Biji Alpukat (Persea americana Mill) Terhadap Jamur Kulit Tricophyton rubrum ATCC 28188, Epidermophyton floccosum ATCC 50266 dan Micospprum canis ATCC 32699) https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/264 <p>Antifungal activity test of avocado seed extract (Persea americana Mill) against fungi that cause dermatophytosis skin disease, namely Trichophyton rubrum ATCC 28188, Epidermophyton floccosum ATCC 50266 and Microsporum canis ATCC 32699. Phytochemical test results of avocado seeds contain phenolic compounds, saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids. The antifungal activity test of ethanol extract of avocado seeds used the agar diffusion method, with a concentration of 26,25%, 48,75%, 75%, and the positive control used was ketoconazole and ethanol distillate negative control. The results showed that the diameter of the zone of inhibition against the fungus Trichophyton rubrum ATCC 28188 with an inhibition zone diameter of 7.5 mm, 9.8 mm, 12 mm, against the fungus Epidermophyton floccosum ATCC 50266, the inhibition zone diameter was 7.4 mm, 9, 7 mm, 11.7 mm and against fungi Microsporum canis ATCC 32699 the inhibition zone was 8.4 mm, 10.1 mm, 13.4 mm. It can be concluded that the ethanol extract of avocado seeds has antifungal activity against. Trichophyton rubrum ATCC 28188, Epidermophyton floccosum ATCC 50266 and Microsporum canis ATCC 32699 The greatest antifungal activity was against Microsporum canis at a concentration of 75% with a diameter of 13.4 mm in the strong category</p> Masayu Azizah Panji Taruna Anugrah Akbar Mauizatul Hasanah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 177 – 179 177 – 179 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.264 Analisis Kepatuhan Ibu Dalam Pemberian Imunisasi Polio Pada Anak Di Puskesmas Tanjung Baru Kabupaten. OKU Tahun 2021 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/265 <p><em>Polio disease is an infectious disease caused by a virus and can be prevented by giving polio immunization to children under five.</em> <em>Around 4% of infants in the world are not fully vaccinated and remain at risk of developing polio</em><em>. </em><em>To find out the relationship between maternal compliance in giving polio immunization to children. Cross sectional research design, mothers who have children aged 1 to 5 years who visit the Tanjung Baru Health Center or Pustu or Posyandu in the Tanjung Baru Health Center area, Baturaja Timur District to check the health of their children in 2021. The sampling method is by purposive sampling technique. 100 each respondents. This research was conducted</em> <em>for March 8 – May 3 </em><em>2021. The data collection used a questionnaire. The results of the statistical analysis of respondents using the Chi-Square test showed that there was a significant relationship (p‹0.05) for the Knowledge and Attitude variables variableFrom this study it was concluded that the Puskesmas should further increase public understanding of polio immunization by providing education in the form of counseling or other information media so that the information can be reached and accepted by the community so that there are no more children under five who are not immunized against polio.</em></p> Vima Erwani Chairil Zaman Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 180 – 195 180 – 195 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.265 Pola Makan dan Stres dengan Kejadian Gastritis Mahasiswa Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Stik Siti Khadijah https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/266 <p>Gastritis is a digestive tract disorder caused by damage or erosion, inflammation of the gastric mucosa which can be caused by the consumption of drugs such as acetaminophen, aspirin, and corticosteroid steroids, physical activity, stress and diet. Gastritis can cause stomach bleeding and even become cancer. This study aims to determine the relationship between eating pattern and stress with the incidence of gastritis in students of the Nursing Science Study Program at STIK Siti Khadijah Palembang. The research design used a descriptive analysis study with a cross sectional research approach. The sampling technique in this study used Simple Random Sampling with a sample of 51 respondents. The statistical test used the chi square test. The results showed that there were 28 adult respondents (54.9%) more than 23 adolescent respondents (45.1%), 45 female respondents (88.2%) more than 6 male respondents (11.8%), 29 poor eating patterns respondents (56.9%) more than 13 good eating patterns respondents (25.5%) and bad eating patterns as many as 9 respondents (17.6%), respondents with mild stress were 39 respondents (76.5%) more than respondents with moderate stress were 12 respondents (23.5%), respondents who experienced gastritis were 29 respondents (56, 9%) more than respondents who did not experience gastritis as many as 22 respondents (43.1%). There is a relationship between eating pattern and the incidence of gastritis, p-value 0.014, there is a relationship between stress and the incidence of gastritis, p-value 0.026. It is expected for students to be able to maintain their diet and avoid stress that can cause gastritis</p> Septi Viantri Kurdaningsih M Ramadhani Firmansyah Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 196 – 203 196 – 203 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.266 Analisis Kualitas Pelayanan Pendaftaran Rawat Jalan Di RSUD Besemah Kota Pagar Alam Tahun 2021 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/267 <p>Quality of service is the best service provided to patients, so that the service felt by patients is of quality so that patients feel satisfied with the services provided. This study aims to determine the quality of outpatient registration services at Besemah Hospital, Pagar Alam City in 2021. The location of this research is the outpatient registration at Besemah Hospital, Pagar Alam City in 2021. This study is a quantitative study with a cross sectional design. The sample in this study were patients who visited the outpatient polyclinic of RSUD Basemah totaling 100 respondents who were selected using purposive sampling technique. The data in this study were obtained using a questionnaire instrument, then analyzed using the chi square test dan logistic regression. This research was carried out in June 2021 at Basemah Hospital, Pagar Alam City. The results of data analysis showed that there was a relationship between responsiveness, reliability, assurance dan empathy with a value (p &lt; 0.05). Dominant factors on service quality are Empathy, Reliability dan assurance It is hoped that the hospital will improve outpatient services with an integrated registration system in the system, because there are still patient registration queues so it takes a long time for patients to register.</p> Ipana Jayanti Lilis Suryani Dian Eka Anggreny Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 204 – 211 204 – 211 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.267 Menurunkan Kecanduan Game Dengan Penerapan Peraturan Penggunaan Ponsel Selama Pembelajaran Online https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/268 <p>The Covid-19 pandemic with restrictions to bemade, makes students familiar with mobile phones. Mobile phones are not only a medium of learning, but also as a very wide source of information and there are many other features including games. Without the proper application of mobile phone usage rules from parents and the environment, gaming will be a problem in the child's development. The study found a link between applying mobile phone use rules in online learning to gaming addiction in elementary school students. The behavior of applying mobile phone use regulations and gaming addiction is assessed through an online survey using <em>quiziz</em> <em>to </em>elementary school students in South Sumatra Province. The <strong><em>Chi-Square</em></strong> test is used to assess the significance of the results obtained. It was found that only a small percentage of mobile phone usage rules are applied to children, parents still give freedom to children to be familiar with mobile phones especially since online learning. This is exacerbated by a lack of mentoring and monitoring of mobile phone use. Intense interaction with mobile phones in children raises the issue of gaming addiction. more than half of the students who were respondents were indicated to be mildly addicted and a small number were indicated to be severe. The government applies online learning rules to an indefinite time limit so that a child's continuous exposure to a mobile phone is inevitable. It takes synergy between government, teachers and parents in assisting students in learning, tackling the game addiction that has occurred, and modifying the online learning system and thinking about the possibility of offline learning that applies health protocols so that <em>students' education touch</em> needs are met.</p> Yeni Elviani Ira Kusumawaty Yunike Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 212 – 220 212 – 220 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.268 Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dan Lama Kerja dengan Waktu Tanggap Perawat di Instalasi Gawat Darurat RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo Rangkasbitung https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/269 <p><em>Nurse respond time is a significant matter by the emergency nurses in treating patients with accute injury or patients with life threatening illness. An inaprropriate respond time by the emergency nurse can lead patients to &nbsp;disability even to bodily damage that threatening life &nbsp;as well. Nurse respond time in treating patients in emergency instalation could be vary from one nurse to the other. This study led to know correlation between education level and time of service of emergency nurses to the nurses respond time in treating emergency patients in emergency instalation room of RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo, Rangkasbitung. </em><em>This quantitative study is a cross-sectional research method and took place in emergency instalation of RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo, Rangkasbitung during the month of June 2019.</em> <em>Research population and sample is all of the care giver nurse in emergency instalation of RSUD Dr. Adjidarmo, Rangkasbitung as much 30 nurses. The sampling is a total sampling with questionery and observation as measurement tools while data analysis managed in univariate and bivariate. The results show that respondends age avarage is 34 years old with 18 respondends (60%) are&nbsp; female and in level of education, respondends in Diploma</em> <em>&nbsp;are 18 (60%). The results of bivariate test show that p value 0,021 (&lt;0,05) in level of education to the respond time and p value 0,049 (&lt;0,05) in years of service to the respond time. There are significant correlation between level of education and years of service to the nurse &nbsp;time respond.</em></p> Siti Rochani Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 221 – 229 221 – 229 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.269 Hubungan Lingkungan Fisik Rumah Dengan Penyakit Tuberkulosis Paru Di Puskesmas Kuala Tungkal II, Jambi https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/270 <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between occupancy, ventilation area, humidity, temperature, lighting, and floor conditions on pulmonary tuberculosis. This was a case-control study with the number of samples as many 60 cases of positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients and 60 control, not pulmonary tuberculosis patients and applied logistic regression analysis. The result of the bivariate analysis was showing that there was a correlation&nbsp;&nbsp; between pulmonary tuberculosis disease with the physical house condition crowded household, ventilation, room temperature, humidity of the house, lighting, and floor condition p-value indicates a row of ((0.002, 0.028, 0.010, 0.006, 0.003, 0.009). Results of regression analysis showed that ventilation is the most dominant factor affecting pulmonary tuberculosis disease OR (2,207). The conclusion of this study, there is relationship between crowded household, ventilation, room temperature, humidity, light intensity and floor condition with Pulmonary Tuberculosis. Recommended to pay attention to healthly house sanitary aspects in terms of crowded household, ventilation, room temperature, light intensity, floor condition, habit of opening the windows in the morning and increase hygiene and healthy behaviors to prevent transmission of pulmonary tuberculosis and doing health promotion for the community.</p> Dwi Ruth Rahayuning Asih Budi Khoidar Amirus Agung Aji Perdana Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 230 240 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.270 Efek Aplikasi Smartphone (Promotif Dan Preventif) Terhadap Perubahan Gaya Hidup Pada Prediabetes: Literature Review https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/271 <p><em>Prediabetes is high risk developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Modification in lifestyle plays an important role to avoid the prognosis of T2DM and its complications in the future. The aim of this literature is to identify the effect of smartphone app (promotive and preventive) to lifestyle change in prediabetes. Searching strategy used PICO approach by keywords in the on PubMed (1.581) and Cochrane Library (699) databased. The Critical Appraisal is used to evaluate the articles. Twelve articles have been in this literature with intervention: voice mail (1), phone call (1), text messages (3), web-based (3), applications (4). Two articles showed significant to increase motivation and education (promotion). Six articles were reported significantly increasing physical activity and weight loss (prevention). One article (promotive and preventive) reported significantly to promote knowledge and physical activity. Three articles demonstrated not significant to modify lifestyle of prevent T2DM (2 articles of prevention, 1 article of promotion and prevention<strong>, </strong>respectively). Recent review suggest that the smartphone app can help to slow-down the progression of diseases in individual with prediabetes and as a reference to construct effective program to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with T2D.</em></p> Dini Pudjiandarini Soekardjan FX. Widiantoro Elizabeth Ari Setyarini Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 241 255 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.271 Hubungan Status Gizi Lansia Dengan Angka Kejadian Asam Urat di Wilayah Kerja UPTD Puskesmas Sukaraya Tahun 2020 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/272 <p><em>Hyperuricemia is a condition where there is an increase in blood uric acid levels above normal. In recent years, an increase in the prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout has been observed in epidemiological studies, and both diseases have become public health problems that need to be addressed as soon as possible.in general, the purpose of the research is to know it relationship of lansian nutrition status with uric acid event numbers in the working area puskesmas </em><em>Sukaraya</em><em> year 2020. This research includes research using quantitative correlation methods with a cross sectional approach and a sample size of 30 people. The variables studied are presented in the form of a frequency distribution table and tested with univariate and bivariate analysis, namely by using the demographic data questionnaire instrument, measuring the nutritional status of the elderly. The results of the study concluded that of the 30 respondents based on the frequency distribution, it was found that there were 0 (0%) respondents with normal nutrition who were exposed to ura acid and 15 (100%) respondents who were not exposed to gout. 10 (90.0%) respondents who were not affected by uric acid were 1 (9.1%) respondents, and out of 4 (100%) low nutrition respondents who were affected by gout were 4 (100%) respondents and those who not exposed to aric acid as much as 0 (100%) respondents. Based on the bivariate analysis, the p value was 0.000, meaning that there was a significant relationship with the nutritional status of lanisa and the incidence of gout. It is recommended that health workers check uric acid levels more frequently, especially for the elderly with a history of uric acid, so that the elderly can be more careful in choosing healthy food intake and normal nutrition.</em></p> Apria Wilinda Sumantri Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 256 260 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.272 Peningkatan Kinerja Perawat dalam Pendokumentasian Asuhan Keperawatan Melalui Supervisi Kepala Ruang di Instalasi Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Royal Progress Jakarta https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/274 <p><em>Supervision in documenting nursing care is one of the factors affecting the performance of a nurse in documenting nursing care. The research objective was to determine the effect of headroom supervision on the performance of nurses in documenting nursing care in the inpatient installation of the Royal Progress Jakarta Hospital. This study used a pre-experimental design method in the form of a pre-post test design without control group. The study population was all nurses who documented nursing care in the inpatient room of the Royal Progress hospital with a total of 55 nurses. The research sample consisted of 55 respondents who were taken using total sampling technique. Data collection using primary data through questionnaires, then analyzed univariate and bivariate. The results obtained by nurses in the Inpatient Installation of Royal Progress Jakarta Hospital who performed well before supervision were carried out as many as 45 (81.8%) respondents, while nurses who performed well after supervision were 49 (89.1%) respondents. The results of the bivariate analysis obtained a p-value of 0.002, which means that there is an effect of headroom supervision on the performance of nurses in documenting nursing care at the Inpatient Installation of the Royal Progress Jakarta Hospital in 2020. Suggestions from this study are that nurses are expected to be consistent in providing excellent service to patients there must be supervision in accordance with existing procedures so that good work results are created and can become a standard for better performance progress in documenting nursing care.</em></p> Anah Marwanah Zakiyah Siswani Marianna Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 261 268 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.274 Perbedaan Kecemasan Primigravida Trimester I Sebelum Dan Sesudah Diberikan Konseling https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/275 <p>Anxiety on primigravida one based on deliveries considered synonymous with act it, painful and more erratic than any other events in life. Anxiety more experienced by mother primigravida compared multigravida as much as 66,2%.Aim to know the counseling about pregnancy of anxiety primigravida first trimester. The research is by using this method quasi experimental with pre test- post tests group design. Sample in this research was primigravida pregnant women in Abi Ummi DW Sarmadi Clinic Palembang with 35 respondent, The sample collection technique use Accidental Sampling, and instrument This research using a scale of anxiety Z-SAS. Show average anxiety before was given counseling, 61,94 average anxiety after was given counseling 47.63. Dependent t test of the results obtained the results of no distinction of anxiety before and after primigravida pregnant mothers with counseling p value = 0,00. Providing counseling for pregnant women can reduce anxiety for pregnant women primigravida.</p> Erike Septa Prautami Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 269 274 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.275 Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akutpada Anak Balita di Wilayah Kerja UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Baru Kec. Baturaja Timur Kab. OKU Tahun 2021 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/276 <p>Ispa incident in toddlers in UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Baru ranked number one andbecame a priority issue in puskesmas. To find out the factors related to the Incidence of ISPA in toddlers in the working area of UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Baru Kecamatan Baturaja Timur Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu Year 2021. Cross Sectional research design, the population in the study is a toddler in the working area of UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Baru Kecamatan Baturaja Timur Kabupaten Ogan Komering Uluin 2021. Sampling method with purposive sampling technique. The subject of this study was determined by Purposive sampling, namely toddlers in the working area of UPTD Puskesmas Tanjung Baru East Baturaja District Ogan Komering Uluin 2021 amounted to 115 respondents.&nbsp; Data collection using questionnaires. The results of the statistical test analysis of respondents using the Chi-Square test showed there is a relationship (<em>p</em>&lt; 0.05) for ventilation, occupancy of nutritional status and smoking habits. The results of the study showed that there is a relationship between ventilation and ispa incidence in toddlers (<em>p </em>value = 0.03), there is a relationship between occupancy density and ISPA incidence in toddlers (<em>p</em> value = 0.00), there is a relationship between smoking and ISPA incidence in toddlers (<em>p</em> value = 0.00), then the Puskesmas should provide information related to ISPA disease by using electronic media , so that the information reaches the public</p> Riza Ariani Dianita Ekawati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 275 294 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.276 Penerapan Hidup Bersih dan Sehat Pada Adaptasi Kebiasaan Baru di Tengah Pandemi Covid- 19 Tahun 2020 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/277 <p>The government’s policy regarding the spread of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) with the number of cases and/or the number of deaths has increased and spread across regions and across countries and has an impact on the political, economic, social, cultural, defense and security aspects, as well as the welfare of the people in Indonesia;&nbsp; The purpose of this study was to find out the Implementation of Clean and Healthy Living (PHBS) in the Adaptation Period of New Habits in the Midst of the Covid 19 Pandemic. This study used the Self-Administered Questionnaire technique which is a data collection technique method by submitting or sending a list of questions to be filled in by themselves.&nbsp; Respondents with a relatively shorter time (Al Adawiyah and Dewi, 2020).&nbsp; This study uses a quantitative method with a survey design, data collection online via Google form.&nbsp; The results of the study were as follows that the knowledge of respondents about PHBS in the medium category was 66 respondents (61.1%), with 34 respondents in the low category (31.5%) and in the high category as many as 8 respondents (7.4%).&nbsp; Meanwhile, for the attitude category, there were 73 respondents (68%), while the low category was 19 respondents (18%) and the high category was 16 respondents (15%), the need for awareness to the public about the importance of implementing good PHBS practices through counseling&nbsp; by way of explanations through posters, as well as screenings of films containing PHBS messages, so that it is hoped that it can improve people’s behavior in implementing health protocols during the adaptation period of new habits in the midst of the covid-19 pandemic.</p> Herawati Jaya Intan Kumalasari Intan Kumalasari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 295 305 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.277 Analisis Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pelaksanaan Phbs Tatanan Rumah Uptd Puskesmas Batumarta II Oku Tahun 2021 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/278 <p>PHBS in household arrangements is one of the strategies launched by the Ministry of Health to achieve the Millennium 2016 sustainable development goals through the formulation of a healthy Indonesia vision and mission in welcoming Sustainable Development Goals Based on the RKT of the South Sumatra Health Office, the 2019 Percentage of Households with PHBS in 2018 was targeted at 60% and realized 64% or 106.67%. OKU Regency in 2020 was (71.56%) with the lowest PHBS achievement in Lubuk Raja District, Batumarta II Health Center Working Area of ??55.36% and followed by East Baturaja Subdistrict, Sekar Jaya of 58,51% .Health Center Working Area.factors related to the implementation of a clean and healthy lifestyle (PHBS) in household arrangements in the work area of ??the Komering Ulu District Health Office in 2021. This research method uses a quantitative method with a cross sectional design. Sampling using purposive sampling totaling 100 respondents. The results showed that there was a relationship between Knowledge, p-value 0.028, Attitude p-value 0.006. Permanent Employment p-value 0.006. and Health Officer support p-value 0.040.. with the implementation of household PHBS. The most dominant factor is occupation with a p-value of 0.001. the most dominant factor of work p-value 0.001, It is suggested that the puskesmas or related parties are expected to provide counseling funds and conduct training for health cadres and housewives on a scheduled basis so that they can increase the scope of PHBS in household arrangements in the working area of ??UPTD Puskesmas Batumarta II</p> Afua Amuri Erma Gustina Atma Deviliawati Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 306 320 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.278 Analog Kalkon (E)-1,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one: Sintesis dan Uji Aktivitas Antimicrobia terhadap Bakteri Kontaminan Produk Darah https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/287 <p>Bacterial infection remains a leading cause of death in the world. It caused by incorrect antimicrobial used in the hospital, bacterial resistance caused by prolonged use of antimicrobial, minimum controlling of antimicrobial utilization, and late development of new antimicrobial drugs. Chalcone compounds with particular&nbsp; structure are believed to have the capability as an antimicrobial agent. The objective of this study is to synthesize and examine the activity of chalcone analogue compound with two hydroxyl substituents groups in ring A and B as a characteristics. Chalcone analogue (E)-1,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one was successfully synthesized by Claisen-Schmidt condensation method and produced&nbsp; a pale-yellow crystalline powder with 89.40% yield as reaction powder. The elucidation of reaction product structure using FTIR and GC-MS. Furthermore, the GC-MS test was obtained one-peak chromatogram with 100% of relative purity and m/z 240 as molecular ions detected according to the target compound of (E)-1,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-prop-2-en-1-one molecular weight. Antimicrobial activity examination was performed by paper disk diffusion method and the result showed that chalcone analog compound (E)-1,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one has medium inhibition activity to Staphylococcus aureus as positive gram bacteria, with the clear zone diameter was 9,2 mm in the 25,00 ppm of concentration. This compound were indicated to work selectively into Staphylococcus aureus, because it was not actively inhibit the growth of another bacterial test such as Bacillus sp., Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter</p> Wiwit Sepvianti Serafica Btari Christiyani Kusumaningrum Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 321 328 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.287 Analisis Faktor Kepemilikan Jamban di Dusun VI Lubuk Dingin Kec. Baturaja Timur Kab. OKU Tahun 2021 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/288 <p><em>The latrine is a place for defecation dan domestic waste dan feces which are temporary storage or storage containers.To find out the factors related to the ownership of latrines in Dusun VI Lubuk Cold Kec. East Baturaja Kab. Oku in 2021. Cross sectional research design, population in Dusun VI Lubuk Cold Kec. Baturaja Timur Kab. OKU tanun 2021. Sampling method with purposive sampling technique. The subject of this study was determined by purposive sampling, namely the head of the family in Hamlet VI Lubuk Cold Kec. East Baturaja Kab. OKU in 2021 each as many as 61 respondents. This research was conducted in June 2021. The data collection used a questionnaire. The results of the statistical analysis of respondents using the Chi-Square test showed that there was a significant relationship (p</em><em>‹0.05) for the variables of education, knowledge</em><em>, attitudes, economy dan the role of officers.</em> <em>From this research, it was found that there is a need for education in the community about latrine ownership dan cooperation with related parties so that the availability of latrines in the community</em></p> Febrianto Kuncoro Ahmad Dwi Priyatno Ali Harokan Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 329 247 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.288 Hubungan Tingkat Kebugaran Dengan Gejala Menopause pada Wanita Premenopause https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/279 <p><em>There is a period that must be passed by women and this period for some women is very annoying. This period is a transition period towards the cessation of menstruation or menopause. This period is called the premenopausal period, which is a period of declining reproductive function, hormonal changes, physical changes, and psychological changes. The complaints of these premenopausal women are the presence of premenopausal symptoms such as: easily tired, often wake up at night or insomnia, hot flushes, night sweats, decreased memory, easy anxiety, depression, irritability and decreased body fitness level. The existence of premenopausal symptoms that greatly interfere with the quality of life of premenopausal women including a decrease in the level of body fitness makes researchers want to know whether there is a relationship between the level of body fitness with menopausal symptoms in premenopausal women.</em></p> <p><em>To find the relationship between fitness level and menopausal symptoms in premenopausal women. The method used in this study is an observational method of cross-sectional design (cross sectional). The subjects of this study were 96 premenopausal women in Sukajaya Village, Palembang. Data collection of premenopausal symptoms used a premenopausal symptom questionnaire and measurement of fitness level using the Kasch Step Test method. Analysis of correlation data using the Kendall Tau test. Research conducted on 96 premenopausal mothers and the results of the analysis showed a relationship between fitness level and menopausal symptoms with a value of p = -0.56, i.e. the higher the level of fitness, the lower or not felt by premenopausal women. There is a relationship between the fitness level of premenopausal women with menopausal symptoms in premenopausal women</em></p> Margaretha Kus Fitriani Fruitasari Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 348 356 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.279 Hubungan Pengetahuan dan Dukungan Keluarga Dalam Kepatuhan Pembatasan Asupan Cairan Pasien Hemodialisa Di RSBT Pangkalpinang https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/280 <p><em>Compliance with fluid intake restriction is one of the problems in chronic kodney failure patients undergoing hemodialisysis. The difficulty of limiting fluid intake in patiens undergoing hemodialysis is due orance and lack of support from the family so that fluid intake is not controlled in patients with chronic kidney failure. This of course will worsen the patient’s health condition. Purpose of this research is to know the related factors towards the obedience in limiting fluid intake on the patients receiving hemodialysis at Bakti Timah Hospital Pangkalpinang. Method This research employs a Cross-sectional design. The sample of this research is the entire kidney failure patients receiving hemodialysis therapy with the total number of 66. The data are collected using questionnaire and measuring body weights based on Inter Dialytic Weight Gain. The data are then analyzed using Chi Square Test. Result The result of this research shows that there are &nbsp;relation&nbsp; factors toward the obedience in limiting fluid intake on the patients receiving hemodialysis are knowledge (p=0.034), and family support (p=0.027).The most dominant factor is the family support with the score of (POR=3.571). Conclusion There is a significant relationship between knowledge and family support in limiting fluid intake, so very important to improve education and counseling in hemodialysis patient</em></p> Rima Berti Anggraini Rezka Nurvinanda Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 357 366 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.280 Analisis Kinerja Petugas Rekam Medis di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Besemah Kota Pagar Alam https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/281 <p><em>The medical record is a permanent legal document that must contain sufficient information to identify the patient, justify the diagnosis and treatment, and record the results</em>. Research Objectives to test&nbsp;<em>the performance of medical records officers with compliance with procedures, storage room standards, the number of medical record personnel, and medical record management training simultaneously with the performance of medical record officers at Besemah Hospital Pagar Alam City. This study is a quantitative study with a cross-sectional research design to determine the independent and dependent variables. Data analysis was carried out univariate, bivariate, and multivariate. The sample in this study were all 62 medical record officers at Besemah Pagar Alam Hospital, and the sample was taken by purposive sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire and processed using the Chi-Square statistical test.&nbsp;</em>The results showed that medical record officers with high performance were 62.9%, compliance with reasonable procedures was 53.2%, and standard medical record file storage space was adequate, namely 33.9%, the number of medical record personnel was sufficient, namely 54.8%, training good medical record that is 62.9%.<em>&nbsp;The most dominant variable is adherence to standard operating procedures, whose value is less than 0.05 with an OR value of 5.100. Based on the results of the study, it is recommended that the Besemah Hospital, Pagar Alam City, especially the hospital management, need to focus on the aspect of compliance with the fixed procedures that have been set by the hospital and conduct medical record management training to improve the performance of medical record officers.</em></p> Ratna Dewi Lilis Suryani Dian Eka Anggreny Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 367 378 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.281 Hubungan Peran Serta Orang Tua dan Dampak Hospitalisasi pada Anak Prasekolah https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/282 <p>Hospitalization of children, either directly or indirectly affects their psychological aspects. It even creates a crisis. Parents as close figures have an important role to accompany and provide encouragement so that they can minimize the impact of hospitalization. The study was conducted to determine the relationship between parental participation and the impact of hospitalization of children who were treated at the hospital. Lebak Mission. The study was designed as a correlational study with a cross sectional approach. The research sample was 53 children. The instrument is a questionnaire. Data were analyzed by Chi-Square test and Mann-Whitney test. There is a significant relationship between the role of parents and the impact of hospitalization on children at the Lebak Mission Hospital, as shown from the Chi-Square test results obtained p-value = 0.000 which is smaller than 0.05. Partially there is a significant relationship between the characteristics of children and the characteristics of parents with the impact of hospitalization, as indicated by the p-value which is smaller than 0.05. Meanwhile, the characteristics of age and parental education do not have a relationship, because the p-value is greater than 0.05. There is a significant relationship between parental participation and the impact of hospitalization on children at the Lebak Mission Hospital. the need for better nurse involvement so that the negative impact of hospitalization on children can be minimized.</p> Tini Inggriani Deni Budiani Permana Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 379 381 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.282 Pengetahuan Mahasiswa Mengenai Kesiapsiagaan Bencana di Universitas Binawan Jakarta https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/283 <p><em>Indonesia is a country that is very prone to disasters. Disasters that have occurred repeatedly in Indonesia have resulted in significant loss of both economy &nbsp;and lives. Thus, adequate preparedness measures are needed to minimize these losses. Students as agents of change need to have good knowledge about disaster preparedness so that they can provide positive changes in society related to disaster preparedness. The purpose of this study is to analyze the level of knowledge of Binawan University students regarding disaster preparedness. The method used in this research was descriptive analytic. The sample in this study were Binawan University students who met the inclusion criteria set by the researcher. Purposive sampling technique was used to determine the number of participants needed. Data analysis was performed using univariate analysis which was carried out on respondents’ characteristics (age and gender) and knowledge variable using percentage and proportion measures. The results show that a number of 207 (65.1%) respondents had low level of knowledge about disaster preparedness. The conclusion obtained from this study is that Binawan University students do not yet have a good level of knowledge which may be due to the unevenness of integrating curriculum regarding disaster preparedness in all majors. The suggestion that researcher can propose is to integrate the disaster preparedness curriculum in all majors so that all students can have the opportunity to increase their knowledge regarding disaster preparedness. The result of this research can also serve as a background for conducting disaster-related training for students</em></p> Harizza Pertiwi Zakiyah Intan Parulian Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 382 389 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.283 Hubungan Beban Kerja Dengan Turnover Intention Pada Perawat Di Rumah Sakit Harapan Bunda Kota Batam Tahun 2020 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/284 <p><em>Turnover incidence can reach 60% per year where one of the causes of turnover is the high workload. The turnover that occurs is very detrimental to the company both in terms of costs, resources and employee motivation. </em><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nurses' workload and turnover intention in nurses with a cross sectional design. The implementation time starts on July 18-22 2020. The number of nurses in the study amounted to 35 nurses from the total population of 51 nurses because they were not included in the inclusion criteria. This study was analyzed using the Chi Square test. The measuring instrument of this research used questionnaires and interviews. The results of the study obtained 20 nurses (57.1%) with high workload and 18 nurses (51.25%) with high turnover intention. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that there was a relationship between workload and turnover intention of nurses in the inpatient room at Harapan Bunda Hospital, Batam City with p value = 0.001 &lt;0.05. Nurses who have a high workload have a tendency to turnover compared to nurses who have a low workload. To prevent nurse turnover in hospitals, it is necessary to pay attention to the nursing management to pay attention to the workload of nurses.</em></p> Yulia Devi Putri Trisya Yona Febrina Dwi Fadhila Rahma Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 390 397 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.284 Analisis Kadar Merkuri (Hg) Pada Rambut Pekerja Tambang Di Pertambangan Emas Tanpa Izin (PETI) Di Kabupaten Kuansing https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/285 <p>Mercury is a harmful and toxic heavy metal in the form of silver-white odorless liquid which is slightly volatile at room temperature. It is commonly used by communities in illegal mining to obtain gold. Amalgamation processes were conducted by adding small quantities of mercury to ores which consequently generate amalgam.&nbsp; Amalgam is subsequently extracted through a smelting process to obtain gold. Skin contact and accidental inhalation can lead to mercury exposure. Hair is one of the biomarkers indicating mercury exposure. The purpose of this study was to analyze the mercury (Hg) levels in illegal gold mining workers’ hair in Kuansing District. A purposive sampling technique was applied with the inclusion criteria were ? 30 years old male, ? 5 years of work period and ? 7 hours work duration in a day, never applied hair dye, and were willing to be the samples. 10 samples of mining workers’ hair were initially prepared with a wet digestion method using HNO<sub>3 </sub>and HCl. Concentration of mercury was analyzed with Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) at a wavelength of 253.7 nm. The absorbance measurement of standard series solution obtained a linear equation y = 217.481x + 17.121 with correlation coefficient of 0.999. Analysis of mercury levels in 10 hair samples indicated the highest level obtained was 0.0312 ppm, in sample code C and the lowest level was 0,00008 ppm. The permissible limit of mercury exposure in human hair regulated by WHO is 1-2 ppm, thus the mercury levels found were not above the threshold</p> Karolina Rosmiati Dina Silvia Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 398 402 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.285 Analisis Perilaku Masyarakat dalam Pencegahan Demam Berdarah Dengue di Puskesmas Tanjung Baru Ogan Komering Ulu Tahun 2021 https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/286 <p>Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito which can cause illness and death. The purpose of this study was to find out what factors were related to community behavior in preventing dengue hemorrhagic fever. The design of this study was Cross Sectional. The population in this study is the community who seek treatment at the Tanjung Baru Health Center, Ogan Komering Ulu Regency in 2021. The sampling method in this study uses the purposive sampling technique. The sample of this study was determined by using the Lemeshow formula, totaling 35 respondents. Data collection by using a questionnaire. The results of the statistical analysis of respondents using the Chi-Square test showed that there was a significant relationship (p &lt; 0.05) for knowledge (P Value 0.028), cleanliness of the home environment (P Value 0.012), implementation of 3 M (P Value 0.004). Meanwhile, there was no significant relationship (p&gt;0.05) for age (P Value 0.115), attitude (P Value 0.251), use of insect repellent (P Value 0.283) and staff support. (P Value 0.27). From the results of the multivariate analysis, the dominant factor on community behavior in preventing dengue hemorrhagic fever, was the cleanliness of the home environment (P Value 0.022) (OR 0.17). This research , it is hoped that the Puskesmas will provide counseling about dengue hemorrhagic fever, conduct regular fogging in an effort to prevent dengue fever and optimally implement programs related to infectious diseases</p> Aprilia Atika Chairil Zaman Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 403 419 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.286 Analisis Faktor Faktor Yang Berhubungan dengan Kepatuhan Penerapan Protokol Kesehatan di Ditpolairud Polda Sumatera Selatan https://journal.ukmc.ac.id/index.php/joh/article/view/289 <p><em>Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The COVID-19 pandemic that was discovered at the end of December 2019 killed hundreds of thousands of people around the world. In addition to taking many victims, this pandemic has also created an economic crisis. Increase the surge in unemployment and poverty. Efforts to maintain public health and prevent more and more victims and to restore the economy, the government applies health protocol discipline. The spread of covid 19 can't be stopped easily, because the mutation process is so fast and now a new variant appears. This study aims to determine the factors related to compliance with the application of health protocols at the Ditpolairud Polda Sumsel. As well as knowing whether there is a relationship between members of the Directorate of Polair Compliance with the Implementation of Health Protocols at the Dit Pol Air Polda Sumsel. The data used in this study came from the DIt Polairud clinic of the South Sumatra Police. From the results of this study, it can be concluded that the attitude variable has the most influential relationship in Compliance with the Implementation of the Covid 19 Health Protocol at the Dit Pol Air Polda Sumsel 2021 because it has a p value = 0.000, and an Odd Ratio or OR 13,393, which means that the respondent has a good attitude. 13,393 times more compliant with the COVID-19 health protocol.</em></p> Redno Eka Wijaya Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP) 2021-08-30 2021-08-30 4 2 420 431 10.32524/jksp.v4i2.289