Analisis Faktor Determinan Kompetensi Kepala Ruang Perawatan


  • Elisabeth Erly Frida Hasugian STIK Sint Carolus, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Emiliana Tarigan STIK Sint Carolus, Jakarta, Indonesia



Determinant Factor, Head nurse, Competence


Problems related to the leadership ability of the Head of the Room in the health service environment which can affect the implementation of his duties and the performance of the team under him, such as accompanying the implementing nurse in carrying out nursing care, are considered not optimal, which can have an impact on the quality of nursing services provided. The ability of the Head of the Room to evaluate the performance of implementing nurses has also not been carried out optimally, which can affect the development and improvement of the performance of the staff under him. From here, there are challenges in leadership abilities, mentoring, and performance evaluation that need to be addressed to increase management effectiveness and efficiency in the health service environment. This emphasizes the importance of developing leadership and managerial skills for heads of treatment rooms. Aim of the research to gain an in-depth understanding of the qualifications, skills and leadership traits required by a Head of Care and be able to identify trends, best practices and current findings related to leadership competencies in the care environment. This research uses a literature review method by searching databases via Semantic Scholar and Google Scholar and also carrying out PICOT analysis of the article. Journal search results from this database are selected based on keywords, articles and year of publication of the journal. Journal searches used the keywords Competence, Head Nurse and Determinant Factors. The screening results of journals published in the last 5 years found that 30 full text journals were assessed for eligibility. After conducting feasibility studies, 20 journals were found that were in accordance with the research objectives, of which 1 journal was discarded because it was the same and 2 journals were excluded because they were not published and were not full text, resulting in 17 full text journals being reviewed. The results of this study indicate that the leadership education program for the head of the nursing room has a significant positive influence on the level of motivation and empowerment of the head nurse, and the emotional intelligence of the head nurse has a positive correlation with the work involvement of nursing staff to improve ability and performance in providing professional nursing care. Investment in education and competency development of ward heads is very important to improve nurse performance and provide quality and safe nursing care


Nagib, R. M., Rashed, N. M., Dakrory, H., & El-Said, A. (2020). Effect of Educational Program about Head nurses Authentic Leadership Style on Staff Nurses Empowerment and Motivation (Issue 8). http://asnj.journals.ekb.eg

Saleh, M., Saleh, M., El-Gilany, A.-H., Abdelhamid, Z. N., Hamed, S. A., & el Said Elsabahy, H. (n.d.). Effect of Authentic Leadership Training Program of Head Nurses on Creativity and Motivation of Nurses Staff. In Original Article Egyptian Journal of Health Care (Vol. 12, Issue 3).

Zakaria, A., Ali, F., Saad, E., Saad, S., & Alshammari, F. T. (2019). Effect of Authentic Leadership Educational Program for Head Nurses on Staff Nurses’ Organizational Commitment. In Evidence-Based Nursing Research (Vol. 1, Issue 2).

El-Guindy, H., El-Shahate, M., & Mohamed, N. (2022). Metacognition and Mindfulness and its Relation to Head Nurses` Decision Making Abilities. Assiut Scientific Nursing Journal, 10(29), 73–83.

Hassan Helaly, S., Alenezi, A., Elsaid Elsabahy, H., & Saleh Moustafa Saleh, M. (2022). Effects of Head Nurses’ Leadership Behaviors and Social Intelligence on Staff Nurses’ Job Involvement. In Original Article Egyptian Journal of Health Care (Vol. 13, Issue 4).

Mohamed Elnady, F., el Sayed Hassan Helal, W., & Saeed Ahmed Abd-Elrhaman, E. (n.d.). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Organizational Culture among Head Nurses: As Keys for Organizational Effectiveness. Egyptian Journal of Nursing & Health Sciences, 2022 EJNHS, 3(2).

Ibrahim, R., Nametallh, A., El-Demerdash, S. M., & Shokeer, M. (2022). Relation between Head Nurses’ Perception of Entrepreneurial Leadership and Decision-Making Effectiveness. In Tanta Scientific Nursing Journal (Vol. 27, Issue 4).

Relation between Head Nurse Assertiveness and Their Decision-Making Abilities at Tanta university The relationship between job design and nurses (1). (n.d.).

Association Between Leadership Competency, Quality of Work and Readiness for Change Among Head Nurses (1) Asmaa Elsayed Elhadad, (2) Wafaa Fathi sleem, (3) Maysa Fekry Ahmed. (n.d.).

Pengaruh Pelatihan Kepemimpinan yang Melayani Pada Kepala Ruangan Terhadap Motivasi Kerja dan Kinerja Perawat Pelaksana. (n.d.).

Association Between Leadership Competency, Quality of Work and Readiness for Change Among Head Nurses (1) Asmaa Elsayed Elhadad, (2) Wafaa Fathi sleem, (3) Maysa Fekry Ahmed. (n.d.).

Aqtash, S., Alnusair, H., Brownie, S., Alnjadat, R., Fonbuena, M., & Perinchery, S. (2022). Evaluation of the Impact of an Education Program on Self-Reported Leadership and Management Competence Among Nurse Managers. SAGE Open Nursing, 8.

Abd El-Fattah Mohamed Aly, N., Moustafa El-Shanawany, S., Ghanem, M., Abd El Kader, E., & Lotfy, W. M. (n.d.). Impact of Competency-Based Intervention on Leadership Effectiveness of Head Nurses in Teaching Hospitals. In Original Article Egyptian Journal of Health Care (Vol. 14, Issue 2).

Saad Alharbi, E. (n.d.). Leadership Training Program and Their Effect On Nursing Job Performance and Head Nurses Competency.

Widyana, R., Handiyani, H., & Kuntarti. (2019). Self-efficacy and organizing competency of head nurse dominant factors determining of nursing job satisfaction implemented in two hospitals in Riau Province. Enfermeria Clinica, 29, 625–628.

Kamberi, F., & Adëraj, S. (2023). Nurse’s Leadership Challenges in Primary Health Care: A Focus Group Analysis in Albania. Eastern-European Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics, 6(1), 13–31.

Choi, P. P., Lee, W. M., Wong, S. S., & Tiu, M. H. (2022). Competencies of Nurse Managers as Predictors of Staff Nurses’ Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(18).

El-Sayed Hamed, H., Eid, N. M., & Hasanin, A. G. (n.d.). Enhancing Situational Leadership and Emotional Intelligence among Head Nurses and its’ Effect on their Managerial Competencies (Issue 4).

Ahmed Elsayed, W., Mustafa Abdel-Ghani, A., & Abdel-Menem, A. (2020). The Role of Work Locus of Control and Inclusive Leadership on Nurses’ innovative Work Behavior (Vol. 124, Issue 8). http://asnj.journals.ekb.eg

Kurniadi (2013). Managemen Keperawatan dan Prospektifnya Teori, Konsep dan Aplikasi. Jakarta : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Marquis, B. L. & Huston, C. J. (2010). Kepemimpinan dan manajemen keperawatan : teori dan aplikasi, (Ed. 4). Jakarta : EGC.

Badan Nasional Sertifikasi Profesi. 2014. Pedoman Penilaian Kinerja Lembaga Sertifikasi Profesi 219. Jakarta: BNSP

Agus, Wibowo. 2013. Managemen Pendidikan Karakter di Sekolah. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Wirawan. (2009). Evaluasi Kinerja Sumber Daya Manusia Teori Aplikasi dan Penelitian. Jakarta. Penerbit: Salemba Empat.

Soeprihanto. 2002, Manajemen Personalia. BPFE. Jogjakarta.

Goleman, D., Boyazin, R., & Annie, M. (2013). Primal Leadership: Realizing the Power of Emotional Intelligence. In Wirawan, Kepemimpinan (p. 433). Jakarta:PT Rajasindo Persada.

Sitorus R, Rumondangh P. 2011. Manajemen Keperawatan: Manajemen Keperawatan Di Ruang Rawat.Jakarta: Sagung Seto.




How to Cite

Erly Frida Hasugian, E., & Tarigan, E. (2024). Analisis Faktor Determinan Kompetensi Kepala Ruang Perawatan. Jurnal Kesehatan Saelmakers PERDANA (JKSP), 7(1), 117–128.